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The Second Slavery
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The concept of Second Slavery refers to the creation of new zones of slavery – exemplified by the Cotton South, the Cuban sugar economy, and the Brazilian coffee zone -- as part of the material expansion and economic and political restructuring of the world-economy during the nineteenth century. These new zones represent dynamic though highly contradictory responses to industrialization, market competition, and political independence in the Americas. Consequently, the concept of second slavery emphasizes the reformation of slave relations within changing economic, political, social, and cultural fields. From such a perspective, the concept of the second slavery encourages the re-examination of political and ideological relations and movements including liberalism, anti-slavery, pro-slavery, and the changing repertoires of slave resistance after the Haitian Revolution. It allows reinterpretation not only the emergence of new zones of slavery, but also the crisis and decline of old zones as well as the interrelation of world, international, national, and local processes organizing and reorganizing diverse forms of free and bonded labor throughout the world economy.
Thus, the concept of second slavery calls into question binomials such as archaic / modern, pre-capitalist / capitalist, slavery / freedom through which slavery has been interpreted. Instead, it emphasizes the complexity of world-economic change and the diverse yet spatially and temporally specific relations through which slavery has been formed and reformed as part of world-economic processes.
Ricardo Salles and Rafael de Bivar Marquese, eds., Escravidão e Capitalismo Histórico: História e Historiografia. Brasil, Cuba, Estados Unidos, século XIX, (São Paulo: Civilização Brasileira, forthcoming 2014)
Laviña, Javier and Zeuske, Michael (eds). The Second Slavery: Mass Slaveries and Modernity in the Americas and in the Atlantic Basin. (LIT Verlag: Berlin and Zürich, 2014).
Tomich, Dale, editor and preface. Eric Williams, The Economic Aspect of the Abolition of the West Indian Slave Trade and Slavery, Introduction by Sandy Darity. (Rowman & Littlefield, 2014.)
Tomich, Dale, Olívia Maria Gomes da Cunha, Flávio dos Santos Gomes, editors, “Re-Thinking the Plantation: Histories, Anthropologies, Archeologies” Special double issue of Review, XXXIV, 1 and 2 (June, 2013).
Tomich, Dale. Pelo Prisma da Escravidão, trans. Antonio de Padua Danesi, (São Paulo: Editorial Universidade de São Paulo, December, 2011).
Tomich, Dale, “Pensando o impensável: Victor Schoelcher e a Revolução Haitiana,” Mana. Estudos de Antropologia Social (Rio de Janeiro), 15, 1 (2009), 183-212.
Dale Tomich, Producer / Director. Caribbean Journey: Conversations with Sidney Mintz. (Binghamton, NY: Fernand Braudel Center, 2013.)
Dale Tomich, Guest Curator: Plantation Places: Coffee, Cotton, Sugar and the Making of Nineteenth Century Slaveries. Binghamton University Art Museum. (September 28-December 15, 2012.)
“Rediscovering Eric Williams: The Intellectual History of Capitalism and Slavery,” Fernand Braudel Center, Binghamton University, Binghamton NY. March 14, 2014
Escravidão e Capitalismo Histórico: História e Historiografia. Brasil, Cuba, Estados Unidos, século XIX. Lab-Mundi / Programa de Pós-Graduação em História Social. Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo Brasil. 16 Setembro, 2013.
“Atlanticization and the Second Slavery,” Cologne Germany, July 12-14, 2012. Fernand Braudel Center and Iberische und Lateinamericanische Abteilung, Historisches Seminar, Universität zu Köln.
Panel “The Reconfiguration of American Slavery in the Nineteenth Century: Brazil, Cuba, and the United States,” 54th International Congress of Americanists. Vienna, Austria. July 2012.
Panel: “Commodity Frontiers of the Second Slavery,” Annual Meeting of the Southern Historical Association, Mobile Alabama, November 2012.
“The Politics of The Second Slavery: Conflict And Crisis on the Nineteenth-Century Atlantic Slave Frontier.” Fernand Braudel Center, Binghamton University. October 15-16, 2010.
Co-Organizers: “Século XIX e as Novas Fronteiras da Escravidão e da Liberdade,” Universidade Federal do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (UNIRIO), Rio de Janeiro, and Universidade Severino Sombra (USS), Vassouras Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. August 2009.
Co-Organizers: “Plantations in the Americas: Material, Social, and Symbolic Landscapes,” Museu Naconal. Quinta da Boa Vista. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. May 4-6, 2009.
Dale Tomich is Professor of Sociology and History and Deputy Director of the Fernand Braudel Center at Binghamton University of the State University of New York. His research and teaching is concerned with Atlantic History and World-Economy. He has pubqlished extensively in these areas including Pelo prisma da escravidão (EDUSP, 2011). He is currently engaged in a collaborative project with Brazilian and Cuban scholars on the visual history of slave plantations in Cuba, Brazil, and the US South during the nineteenth century.
30-31 Outubro 2015
Antislavery Republics: the politics of abolition in the Spanish Atlantic
Gilder Lehrman Center for the Study of Slavery, Resistance, and Abolition
17th Annual Conference
Contendo papers apresentados na conferência Rediscovering Eric Williams: The Intellectual History of Capitalism and Slavery, realizada em comemoração a publicação de The Economic Aspect of the Abolition of the West Indian Slave Trade and Slavery, de Eric Williams pela Rowman and Littlefield, saiu o número mais recente de Review.
Em breve acessível via
Em entrevista ao programa ‘Hablemos de Historia’ da rádio Vox UJI (107.8 FM) da Universitat Jaume I, concedida em 26 de março, o historiador e integrante do LAH, Dale Tomich fala, de suas pesquisas sobre escravidão na Martinica, em Cuba e no Brasil em perspectiva comparada.
Acesse aqui para ouvir a entrevista (em inglês e castelhano).